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Robert Gabriel Mugabe National Youth Day 2024 (Zimbabwe): History, FAQs, Dates, Activities, and Facts

Robert Gabriel Mugabe National Youth Day 2024 honors Zimbabwe's inaugural prime minister, acknowledges youth contributions, and promotes leadership principles, observed as a Zimbabwean public holiday except for educational institutions.

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Robert Gabriel Mugabe National Youth Day 2024 (Zimbabwe) History, FAQs, Dates, Activities, and Facts About Zimbabwe

Robert Gabriel Mugabe National Youth Day 2024 (Zimbabwe): Gabriel Robert Mugabe National Youth Day is observed annually on February 21 to honor the nation’s inaugural prime minister, acknowledge the contributions of young people to the nation’s progress, and promote the adoption of commendable leadership principles. Robert Gabriel Mugabe ruled Zimbabwe for a period of thirty years, from 1980 to 2017. National Youth Day of R.G.M. is an initiative of the February 21 Movement, which was founded in 1986. The day became a national holiday following Mugabe’s dismantling of his presidency. Robert Gabriel Mugabe National Youth Day is observed as a Zimbabwean public holiday, except for educational institutions and enterprises.

An Overview of the Origins of Robert Gabriel Mugabe National Youth Day

Born in Kutama Mission Community, Southern Rhodesia, on February 21, 1924, Robert Gabriel Mugabe was the progenitor of a carpenter father and a Christian catechist mother. His formative years were spent on the local Jesuit mission, where he was instructed by the mission’s preeminent figure, Father Jerome O’Hea, instilling in him a revolutionary soul. Mugabe was granted admission to Kutama College for teacher training in 1941. After concluding his teacher training in 1945, Mugabe departed Kutama and began instructing in schools across Southern Rhodesia. In 1949, he was granted admission to the University of Fort Hare in South Africa based on a scholarship. Marxism and nationalist politics were prevalent during his time at the university. In 1952, Mugabe completed his Bachelor of Arts in History at the University of Zimbabwe.

Mugabe taught in schools in Northern Rhodesia and Ghana between 1953 and 1960, concurrently pursuing Bachelor of Education and Bachelor of Science in Economics degrees via correspondence. Following his 1960 return to Northern Rhodesia, Mugabe immersed himself entirely in politics. Before his departure with other supporters to establish the Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU), he was a member of the Zimbabwe African People’s Union (ZAPU), which he left because of its leader’s lack of determination.

Mugabe was detained in 1964 and subsequently departed for a decade-long incarceration. He collaborated with Nkomo, the leader of the Patriotic Front (P.F.) of Zimbabwe, to initiate a guerrilla war against the Rhodesian government after his release in late 1974. Until 1979, when the British consented to a transition to black majority rule, the civil war persisted. The subsequent February witnessed the British-supervised parliamentary election, in which ZANU, under the leadership of Robert Mugabe, emerged victorious by a significant margin.

Mugabe assumed the position of Zimbabwe’s inaugural prime minister between 1980 and 1987. In 1987, through constitutional amendments, he instituted a one-party political system in Zimbabwe. He was elected the inaugural executive president of Zimbabwe and maintained his position until 2017, securing victory in subsequent elections through coercion and acts of violence. Mugabe was deposed by a coup d’état on November 15, 2017, and his erstwhile vice president, Emmerson Mnangagwa, assumed his position. During his inauguration on November 27, 2017, Mnangagwa designated February 21, the birthday of Robert Gabriel Mugabe, as National Youth Day.

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FAQs regarding Robert Gabriel Mugabe National Youth Day

Did Robert Mugabe live a moral life?

Before embarking on his political career, Robert Mugabe held teaching positions in various Northern Rhodesian institutions. However, once he entered politics, he employed every available strategy to aid Zimbabwe in attaining independence and maintain his position as prime minister and then president.

From what country did Mugabe originate?

Mugabe was born in the southern Rhodesian village of Kutama Mission. His parents belonged to the Shona tribe’s Zezuru lineage.

What accomplishments has Robert Mugabe attained?

Primarily, Mugabe is recognized for his contributions to Zimbabwe’s independence movement against the British, which abolished white majority rule and colonialism.

How to Observe National Youth Day in Honor of Robert Gabriel Mugabe

An examination of the ascent and decline of Robert Gabriel Mugabe

Zimbabwe is synonymous with the name “Robert Mugabe,” and the nation’s history would be incomplete without his mention. On this Robert Gabriel Mugabe National Youth Day, learn about the events that precipitated his decline in popularity and ultimate downfall, as well as his ascent to power. Beginning with the Wikipedia entry on Robert Mugabe is highly recommended. You may subsequently consult Britannica and biography.com.

Campaign against systemic inequality

One can emulate the peaceful revolutionary Robert Mugabe by organizing a campaign against inequities within the Zimbabwean system. This can include unlawful or arbitrary executions, detention without due process, and deplorable prison conditions. You have the option of collaborating with international organizations such as Amnesty International or establishing a local group committed to these concerns.

Become a volunteer educator

Before embarking on a political career, Robert Mugabe taught and lectured professionally. One can emulate his early life by volunteering as a tutor to assist in the education of disadvantaged children in rural Zimbabwe. You may conduct research on local communities with low teacher-to-student ratios if you are a Zimbabwean. Determine which volunteer tutoring organizations are active in these communities and submit an application. Foreigners have the opportunity to volunteer in Zimbabwe through one of the numerous international non-profit organizations that are centered in the country.

Five incredible facts about Zimbabwe

It is home to the greatest number of official languages.

Zimbabwe holds the Guinness World Record for the nation with the most official languages, with sixteen.

It has the largest waterfall in the world.

Victoria Falls, which is situated in Zambia and Zimbabwe, is the most expansive cataract globally, surpassing 5,600 feet in height.

It has the largest artificial lake in the world.

Lake Kabira stands as the world’s most expansive man-made reservoir and lake.

Its currency was multi-currency.

Zimbabweans abandoned the national currency during the height of the country’s inflation and began using foreign currencies, such as the Botswana Pula, the South African Rand, and the U.S. Dollar.

Five UNESCO World Heritage properties are located there.

Khami Ruins, Great Zimbabwe National Monument, Matobo Hills, Victoria Falls, and Mana Pools are among these UNESCO World Heritage sites.


Year Date Day
2024 February 21 Wednesday
2025 February 21 Friday
2026 February 21 Saturday
2027 February 21 Sunday
2028 February 21 Monday