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Vaisakhi / Baisakhi / Vishu 2024 (India): History, FAQs, Dates, Activities, and Facts

Vaisakhi, or Baisakhi, is a significant event in Sikh culture, celebrated on April 13 in India, primarily in northern India, commemorating the spring harvest.

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Vaisakhi Baisakhi Vishu 2024 (India) History, FAQs, Dates, Activities, and Facts About Sikhs
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Vaisakhi / Baisakhi / Vishu 2024 (India): Vaisakhi or Baisakhi is observed by Sikhs worldwide, contingent upon the Sikh calendar. The date of occurrence is April 13 this year. While the majority of the festivities linked to Vaisakhi occur in northern India, adherents of the Sikh faith worldwide set aside this particular day to commemorate a significant event in the Sikh calendar. In Indian and Sikh culture, Vaisakhi is fundamentally a celebration of the spring harvest; in fact, many observe this day as the Indian Solar New Year.

Vaisakhi / Baisakhi / Vishu History

Vaisakhi holds considerable importance as a yearly festival within the Sikh faith and throughout India. Since ancient times, it has consistently transpired in mid-April, coinciding with the earliest harvest of crops. This occasion has always been associated with a plethora of communal celebrations and joyous festivities in addition to its religious significance. This historic tradition gradually acquired new connotations and a greater historical significance for the Sikh faith.

Leaders of the Mughal Empire executed Guru Tegh Bahadur, the ninth of ten gurus credited with founding the Sikh faith, in the late 1600s because he refused to convert to Islam. Subsequently, Guru Gobind Singh assumed the position of the tenth guru of the Sikh faith and, in 1699, established the Khalsa identity. The expansion of Sikh communities throughout the region instigated a dispute with the Mughal authorities. By virtue of this, the Vaisakhi festival came to represent not only the Khalsa and its establishment, but also the Sikh people’s pursuit for religious recognition.

The term “Khalsa” encompasses both the entire Sikhism-believing community and a specific, devoted sect of Sikhs. A few decades after the establishment of a unified Sikh state, the Vaisakhi festival acquired a new significance for numerous Sikhs. At present, Vaisakhi signifies not only the commencement of a new solar year, but also the acknowledgment of Sikh communities. Vaisakhi, being a highly significant Sikh holiday, is replete with a multitude of festivities, such as public performances, ceremonial harvest celebrations, and festivals.

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Vaisakhi / Baisakhi / Vishu 2024 (India) FAQs

Identify the initial Guru of the Sikh faith.

Guru Nanak, the first Guru of the Sikh faith, was responsible for establishing Sikhism’s practices.

When was Vaisakhi first observed?

Vaisakhi was first observed in 1699, concurrent with the initial Khalsa proclamation in Punjab.

Define Khalsa.

Within the Sikh faith, the term “Khalsa” can denote either the entire community of devotees or a particularized sect.

Vaisakhi / Baisakhi / Vishu 2024 (India) Activities

Participate in the festivities.

On Vaisakhi, numerous Sikh communities around the world observe the faith. In observance of this highly fêted holiday, a multitude of events and festivities would be orchestrated. Ensure that you join them.

Sikh community visits

Sikh communities are consistently hospitable. Especially on their holiest day of the year, you are cordially invited to partake in the jubilation and commemoration of Vaisakhi with Sikh communities. The practices, cuisine, and festivities of Sikh communities are all unique.

Explore Sikh history

Sikh history is replete with noteworthy occurrences and intriguing anecdotes that continue to have a profound impact. Before you can comprehend the significance of Vaisakhi and its festivities, you must read books on Sikh history.

Five remarkable facts about Sikhs

The ten masters

Ten gurus, all of whom are spiritual instructors of Sikhism and have made substantial contributions to the faith, founded the Sikh religion.

Text is a master.

Adi Granth is the primary Sikh scripture and is frequently referred to as Guru Granth Sahib, as it is regarded as the current Guru.

Sacred texts consist of poetry.

The Guru Granth Sahib, a poetic treatise, holds significant religious value within the Sikh faith.

Female Sikhs enjoy equal status.

Discrimination against women is strictly prohibited within the Sikh faith, and adherents are expected to regard women equally.

Sikhs comprise the second-largest population in Canada.

While Northern India is the birthplace of the majority of Sikhs, Canada is home to the second-largest Sikh community globally, following India.


Year Date Day
2024 April 13 Saturday
2025 April 14 Monday
2026 April 14 Tuesday