Bhai Dooj: Bhai Dooj or Bhaiya Dooj is observed post Diwali, it is celebrated on the second day after Diwali celebrations. This day commemorates the sacred relationship shared between a brother and sister. Sisters apply tilak on the foreheads of their brothers and pray for their good health, prosperity, and long life.
According to Vikram Samvat calendar, Bhai Dooj is observed on the second lunar day of Shukla Paksha. In 2021, Bhai Dooj will be celebrated on 6th November that is Monday. Read on to know more about the auspicious festival.
Bhai Dooj History, Significance
There are no texts stating the origin of Bhai Dooj. However, it is believed that after killing Narakasura on the day which is know called Diwali, Lord Krishna visited his sister Subhadra who welcomed him by applying a tilak on his forehead. And since then, this day is celebrated as Bhai Dooj.
Another folklore states that on this day the lord of death, Yamaraja visited his sister, Yami who welcomed him with flowers, sweets and applied tilak on his forehead. In return, the lord of death presented her with a gift that reflected his affection for her.
Bhaiya Dooj is also known as Bhau Beej, Bhatra Dwitiya, Bhai Dwitiya and Bhathru Dwithiya. On this day, sisters put vermillion on their brothers’ forehead and perform a puja for their well-being. Brothers’ on the other hand, brings special gifts for their darling sisters.
Bhai Dooj 2021: Shubh Timing
Dwitiya Tithi Begins – 11:14 PM on Nov 05, 2021
Dwitiya Tithi Ends – 07:44 PM on Nov 06, 2021
Bhai Dooj Aparahna Time – 01:10 PM to 03:21 PM
Bhai Dooj 2021: Mantra
Ganga puje Yamuna ko, Yami puje Yamraj ko, Subhadra puje Krishna ko,
Ganga Yamuna Neer Bahe, Mere Bhai aap badhein, phule phalein.
Bhai Dooj 2021: Puja Samaghri
– Roli or kumkum and/ or chandan
– An aarti thali
– Ghee or oil for lighting the lamp
– Cotton wicks
– Paan and supari
– Kalava or mauli (scared colourful thread) for tying around the wrist
Bhai Dooj 2021: Puja Vidhi
– Wake up early in the morning, take a bath and wear new clothes.
– Collect all the samaghris of puja.
– Draw the picture of khote raja, rani, sun, moon and others.
– Light an oil lamp and place it facing south.
– Offer flowers, dahi, rice, sweet and do tilak.
– Recite the Bhai dooj katha and make the crown from cotton.
– After praying, make your brother sit facing north-west and do the tilak.
Bhai Dooj Celebrations across India
Bhai Dooj (Northern India), Bhau Beej (in Maharashtra & Gujarat) or Bhai Phonta (Bengal) is similar to Raksha Bandhan. On this day, Indian women pray for the long life and happiness of their brothers. Sisters apply tilak on the forehead of their brothers while praying for their well-being. And in return, men give gifts to their sisters and take a vow of protecting them.