Shardiya Navratri 2019: Navratri is a major festival celebrated by the Hindus in India with much fervor and enthusiasm. In this festival, people worship the nine different forms of the Goddess Durga who symbolizes purity, power and divinity. The word ‘Navratri ‘means ‘Nine nights’. It is the longest Hindu festival of the year, spanning over nine nights and ten days.
In a year, Navratri comes four times-one each in the months of Chaitra, Aashadh, Ashwin and Magha. The Navratri that falls in Chaitra or Basant months in March or April is quite popular. In this Navratri, the ninth day is celebrated as Ram Navami. (The birth of Shri Ram).
Sharad Navratri falls in the months of September or October. It falls in the lunar month Ashwin, during Sharad Ritu.
Story of Navratri
The festival of Navratri is associated with a story wherein a battle occurred between Goddess Durga and demon Mahishasura. Mahishasura had been granted immortality by Lord Brahma and had been told that he could only be defeated by a woman. He attacked Trilok and the gods were not being able to defeat him.
Finally, Lord Brahma, Lord Vishnu, and Lord Shiva together created Goddess Durga, who finally defeated Mahishasura. She battled with him for 15 days, throughout which the demon would keep changing his form. He would turn into different animals to confuse Goddess Durga. In the end, when he transformed into a buffalo is when Goddess Durga killed him with her trident.
Significance of Navratri
In the East and various parts of Northeast India, Navratri is celebrated as Durga Puja, where the festival symbolizes the victory of Goddess Durga over demon Mahishasura, signifying the victory of good over evil.
In the Northern and Western parts of India, Ram Leela is held on Dusshera, where effigies of Ravana are set on fire to signify Lord Ram’s victory over Ravana.
According to drikpanchang.com, the details are as follows:
September 29 – Pratipada – Ghatasthapana – Mata Shailputri Puja
Pratipada Tithi begins at 11:56 PM on September 28 and ends at 08:14 PM on September 29.
Ghatasthapana Muhurat – 06:01 AM to 07:16 AM
September 30 – Dwitiya – Mata Brahmacharini Puja
Dwitiya Tithi is till 4:49 PM.
October 1 – Tritiya – Mata Chandraghanta Puja
Tritiya Tithi is till 1:55 PM.
October 2 – Chaturthi – Mata Kushmanda Puja
Chaturthi Tithi is till 11:40 AM.
October 3 – Panchami – Devi Skandmata Puja
Panchami Tithi is till 10:12 AM
October 4 – Shashti – Mata Katyayani Puja
Shashti Tithi is till 09:35 AM
October 5 – Saptami – Mata Kalaratri Puja
Saptami Tithi is till 09:51 AM
October 6 – Ashtami – Mahagouri Puja
Ashtami Tithi is till 10:54 AM
October 7 – Navami – Maa Durga Puja / Mata Siddhidatri
Navami Tithi is till12:38 PM